Cylindrical roller bearings are of high load capacity and can operate at high speeds because they use rollers as their rolling elements. They can therefore be used in applications involving heavy radial and impact loading.
The rollers are cylindrical in shape and crowned at the end in order to reduce the stress concentrations. They are also suitable for applications that require high speed because the rollers are guided by ribs which are either on the outer or inner ring.
With the absence of ribs, either the inner or outer ring will move freely so as to adjust to axial movement hence can be used as free side bearings. This enables them to absorb shaft expansion to a certain extent, relative to the housing position.